Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2020, Page: 68-77
‘As It Was in the Beginning’: An Examination of the Convergence, Divergence and Dilemmas of Immigration Practices in Some Selected liberal Democratic States
Cosmas Ikegwuruka, Almond Legals-immigration, Asylum and Human Rights Lawyers & Researchers, London, UK
Ugonna Chimnonyerem Nkwunonwo, Department of Geoinformatics and Surveying, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria
Received: Feb. 13, 2020;       Accepted: Mar. 11, 2020;       Published: May 28, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijls.20200302.14      View  356      Downloads  109
This paper holds the view that the burgeoning phenomenon of immigration control sits uncomfortably on the fault line separating the prerogatives of State sovereignty from the rights of non-citizens regardless of the broad discretion of States to control immigration. Using liberal democratic ideologies, the paper expresses that, there is in existence, a tension between the right to liberty of migrants against the broadly unfettered rights of States to control the admission and expulsion of migrants conferred on States by national and international law. Drawing from law and policy, this paper considers in perspectives, immigration practices in selected liberal democratic states-the United States of America, Australia and France whose deportation reality offers significant similarities with the UK in immigration control and detention pending expulsion. Finding as it did, the paper illustrates that crimmigration in particular and immigration enforcement and control in general, serve as vehicles for enhancing and sustaining expulsion of migrants. This practice, it is argued, queries the liberal democratic ideals of fairness in particular and compliance to international human rights standards in general.
Expulsion, Crimmigration, Detention, Liberal Democracy and Sovereignty
To cite this article
Cosmas Ikegwuruka, Ugonna Chimnonyerem Nkwunonwo, ‘As It Was in the Beginning’: An Examination of the Convergence, Divergence and Dilemmas of Immigration Practices in Some Selected liberal Democratic States, International Journal of Law and Society. Special Issue: Immigration Control, Citizenship, the Interplay of Sovereignty and the Vicissitudes of the Hostile Environment. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2020, pp. 68-77. doi: 10.11648/j.ijls.20200302.14
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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