Volume 3, Issue 3, September 2020, Page: 96-101
The “Prosecutor”: Differences and Similarities Between Brazilian and United States Constitutional Systems
Níkolas Reis Moraes dos Santos, Postgraduate Studies Stricto Sensu Program in Legal Sscience, Universidade do Vale do Itajaí, Itajaí, Brazil
André Braga de Araújo, Postgraduate Studies Stricto Sensu Program in Legal Sscience, Universidade do Vale do Itajaí, Itajaí, Brazil
Received: Jun. 10, 2020;       Accepted: Jul. 1, 2020;       Published: Jul. 6, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijls.20200303.13      View  66      Downloads  36
This paper results from a bibliographic and field research that had as main objective to identify in the constitutional literature and in the personal experience of the authors, elements that could confirm the hypothesis that supposes that the differences between the Brazilian and the United States of America constitutional systems are relevant in light of the prosecutor's role as the holder of the criminal and civil issues. The authors´ participation in the International Legal Scholars Academy Program, from Delaware Law School, guaranteed the field research, which was supported by the bibliographic review of Brazilian and North American authors, in addition to the two Constitutions and infraconstitutional laws. The conclusion, so, confirmed the hypothesis, that is, although substantial similarities have been identified between the two systems, the differences among them are huge, to the point that it can be said that they are indeed paradigmatic. Especially, because in U.S. prosecutors have the obligation to represent them government in all legal matter, while a public lawyer represents Brazilian government in legal matters. In short, Brazilian Prosecutors represent and defend the law enforcement, not the government. Also, because of the differences of the judicial traditions: Civil Law versus Common Law. To achieve the objective, the referent technique was used and inductive method was applied. The nature of the research is basic and the approach to the problem is qualitative.
Liberal Democracy, Constitutional Right, Public Prosecutor
To cite this article
Níkolas Reis Moraes dos Santos, André Braga de Araújo, The “Prosecutor”: Differences and Similarities Between Brazilian and United States Constitutional Systems, International Journal of Law and Society. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2020, pp. 96-101. doi: 10.11648/j.ijls.20200303.13
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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