Volume 3, Issue 4, December 2020, Page: 154-160
On Security Mechanism in China and US: Comparison and Practices
Gangzhi Zhou, Law School, Central South University, Changsha, P. R. China
Li Feng, Law School, Central South University, Changsha, P. R. China
Received: Jul. 8, 2019;       Accepted: Aug. 12, 2019;       Published: Oct. 17, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijls.20200304.11      View  17      Downloads  13
Abstract
It is understood to all national states that national security system serves as an essential role in security mechanism. Both United State and China have confronted security challenges from home and abroad. As for the US, since the founding of the country and especially after US has engaged in global affairs, with the shift of national security concept and security realities, the security constitutional system has undergone several major adjustments. The National Security Act, which was passed by congress in 1947, has created a new organ named National Security Council to integrate the Defense and Intelligence Agencies and build a new security constitution system. After the 9/11 incident, the US congress passed the PATRIOT Act, which has greatly expanded the security powers of the President. With regards to China, China has a long history of safeguarding its territorial integrity, so it is obvious that China focuses more on traditional threats since 1949. After its reform and opening-up policy, the international environment has become more complex and the protection of non-traditional security has become more prominent. Since China has entered a new era in 21st century, various laws and regulations targeting the traditional and non-traditional threat has been enacted. From a historic perspective and comparative approach, this paper finds that China is learning the practices and legislation experiences from countries like United states to actively build a legal system for national security and form a more efficient and integrated security mechanism. in addition, a security constitutional system with the core concept of "overall national security concept" is beginning to take shape. China is building a comprehensive security system to address both traditional and non-traditional national threats.
Keywords
Security Mechanism, Overall National Security Concept, Culture Security, Security System
To cite this article
Gangzhi Zhou, Li Feng, On Security Mechanism in China and US: Comparison and Practices, International Journal of Law and Society. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2020, pp. 154-160. doi: 10.11648/j.ijls.20200304.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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