Special Issue on Vulnerability in the Criminal Justice System

Submission Deadline: May. 20, 2020

This special issue currently is open for paper submission and guest editor application.

  • Special Issue Editor
    • Laura Farrugia
      School of Psychology, University of Sunderland, Sunderland, UK
    Guest Editors play a significant role in a special issue. They maintain the quality of published research and enhance the special issue’s impact. If you would like to be a Guest Editor or recommend a colleague as a Guest Editor of this special issue, please Click here to fulfill the Guest Editor application.
    • Donna Peacock
      School of Social Sciences, University of Sunderland, Sunderland, UK
    • Faye Cosgrove
      School of Social Sciences, University of Sunderland, Sunderland, UK
    • Keith Harbottle
      Safeguarding child and vulnerable adult, Northumbria Police, Sunderland, UK
    • Gary Shaw
      Faculty of Business, Law and Tourism, University of Sunderland, Sunderland, UK
  • Introduction

    Vulnerability within the criminal justice system is not a new phenomenon; indeed, a disproportionate number of vulnerable individuals come into contact with the criminal justice system. For example, the prevalence rates of those with mental health problems within custody in England and Wales far surpasses the rates of mental health problems within the general community. As such, practitioners within the criminal justice system need to be able to effectively deal with those vulnerable individuals that they encounter.

    An even more interesting research trend is focusing on new strategies for deep neural network based speech processing methods such as new stage-of-the-art combinations (i.e. deep neural network and hidden Markov model combinations) and multi-task learning models.

    Different jurisdictions around the world have developed methods and policies to assist with vulnerable individuals as part of the criminal justice system. In America, for example, the use of crisis intervention teams serve as a police mental health collaborative program. In England and Wales, police officers are governed by the Police and Criminal Evidence Act (1984) and the associated Codes of Practice, which allow for safeguards (such as the Appropriate Adult) to be implemented when dealing with the vulnerable suspect. Similarly, the Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act (1999) sets out guidance for vulnerable victims and witnesses and allows for the use of a Registered Intermediary to assist with obtaining best evidence.

    Despite the provisions currently in place, there is limited research that explores vulnerability and its impact at the various stages of the criminal justice system. This is concerning given the risk for misidentification, false confessions and miscarriages of justice. In addition, for policy to be developed further and to ensure it meets the need of vulnerable individuals within the criminal justice system, it must be underpinned by psychological research.

    Subsequently, the intended focus and aims of this special issue is to develop and enhance the psychological literature base by exploring contemporary research that focuses on vulnerable victims, eyewitnesses and suspects at any stage of this legal process, and whether current provision is adequate in balancing the needs of the vulnerable person and the requirements of the criminal justice process. As such, submissions will be invited from scholars who are actively engaged in conducting research within this under-developed area of the criminal justice system.

    Aims and Scope:

    1. Vulnerability
    2. Criminal Justice System
    3. Victims and Eyewitnesses
    4. Suspects
    5. Safeguards
    6. Psychology

    Relevant topics that would be considered for inclusion in this special issue include, but are not limited to:

  • Guidelines for Submission

    Manuscripts can be submitted until the expiry of the deadline. Submissions must be previously unpublished and may not be under consideration elsewhere.

    Papers should be formatted according to the guidelines for authors (see: http://www.ijlawsociety.org/submission). By submitting your manuscripts to the special issue, you are acknowledging that you accept the rules established for publication of manuscripts, including agreement to pay the Article Processing Charges for the manuscripts. Manuscripts should be submitted electronically through the online manuscript submission system at http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/login. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal and will be listed together on the special issue website.

  • Published Papers

    The special issue currently is open for paper submission. Potential authors are humbly requested to submit an electronic copy of their complete manuscript by clicking here.

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