International Journal of Law and Society

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Legal and Doctrine Perspectives on Judicial Mediation Within a Corporation

Received: 2 June 2023    Accepted: 12 January 2024    Published: 23 January 2024
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Abstract

This article aims to discuss corporate judicial mediation, shedding light on the relevance of this subject. As conflicts within a company can potentially lead to financial collapse if not resolved timely and even render it impossible to sustain business operations, mediation is a crucial tool for sustaining business operations. Mediation, whether judicial or extrajudicial, began in Brazil in the 1990s. It is a practice aligned with the American multidoor system coined as the MultidoorCourthouseSystem by Sander, meaning that there are several doors for conflict resolution. In the mediation sessions— which rarely occur just once— the parties must be assisted by their lawyers or public defenders. The mediator plays a central role as a facilitator, fostering communication and bringing the parties together. It's important to note that the mediator does not decide or propose solutions but acts as a neutral guide in the process. Within our legal framework, judicial mediations, whether involving companies or not, occur in judicial centers for conflict resolution and citizenship called CentrosJudiciários de Solução de Conflitos e Cidadania – CEJUSCS or within the court system. Principles govern this matter, emphasizing, among others, the autonomy of the parties' will, informality, confidentiality, the impartiality of the mediator, the isonomy of the parties, orality, the search for consensus and good faith (Mediation Law, Art. 2, Items I to VIII). Confidentiality and speed are features present in business and other mediation.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijls.20240701.13
Published in International Journal of Law and Society (Volume 7, Issue 1, April 2024)
Page(s) 18-21
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Company, Conflict, Consensus, Judicial Mediation, Resolution

References
[1] BRASIL. Lei de Mediação. Lei nº 13.140, de 26 de junho de 2015 [Mediation Law. Law No. 13140 (2015, June 26)]. From: Retrieved: August 12, 2023.
[2] BRASIL. ConselhoNacional de Justiça. Resolução nº 125, de 29 de novembro de 2010 [National Council of Justice. Resolution No. 125 (November 29, 2010)]. From: Retrieved: August 12, 2023.
[3] BRASIL. Código de Processo Civil. Lei nº 13.105, de 16 de março de 2015 [Code of Civil Procedure. Law No. 13105, March 16, 2015]. From: Retrieved: August 15, 2023.
[4] ENFAM – EscolaNacional de Formação e Aperfeiçoamento de Magistrados [National School for the Training and Improvement of Magistrates].
[5] CEJUSCs. Corporatecreated on November 7, 2022, upon Recommendation of the National Council of Justice (under no. 71/2020).
[6] GUILHERME, Luiz Fernando do Vale de Almeida. Manual de arbitragem e mediação [Arbitration and Mediation Handbook]. 4th ed. São Paulo: Saraiva Educação, 2018, p. 81.
[7] AZEVEDO, André Gomma de (org.). Manual de mediação judicial [Judicial Mediation Handbook]. 6th ed. Brasília/DF: National Council of Justice, 2016. p. 142.
[8] MELLO, Rogério Licastro Torres de. Dos conciliadores e mediadoresjudiciais [On Court Conciliators and Mediators]. In: ALVIM, Teresa Arruda (org.). Primeiroscomentáriosao novo Código de Processo Civil [First Comments on the New Code of Civil Procedure]. São Paulo: RT, 2015, p. 309-323.
[9] MOHR-BELL, James I.; TAVARES, Maria Cecília Carvalho; VILELLA, Rosimeire; RUSSO, Vivian Aguiar. Benefícios da mediaçãoempresarial no contextoempresarial [Benefits of Business Mediation in the Business Context]. In: BRAGA NETO, Adolfo (org.). Mediaçãoempresarial: experiênciasbrasileiras [Business Mediation: Brazilian Experiences]. São Paulo: CLA Cultural, 2019, p. 143.
[10] FREIRE, José Nantala Bádue; BRAGA NETO, Adolfo. Osdesafios da mediaçãoempresarial no Brasil [The Challenges of Business Mediation in Brazil]. In: BRAGA NETO, Adolfo (org.). Mediaçãoempresarial: experiênciasbrasileiras [Business Mediation: Brazilian Experiences]. São Paulo: CLA Cultural, 2019, p. 12.
[11] CAHALI, Francisco José. Curso de arbitragem: mediação e conciliação [Arbitration Course: Mediation and Conciliation]. 2nd ed. São Paulo: RT, 2012, p. 69.
[12] TARTUCE, Fernanda. Do juiz e dos auxiliadores da justiça: brevescomentáriosao novo Código de Processo Civil [The Judge and Assistants to Justice: Brief Comments on the New Code of Civil Procedure]. Thomson Reuters Preview. From: Retrieved: October 16, 2023.
[13] SAMPAIO, Amanda Inês Morais; CHARLOT, Ian Wagner C. da Silva. O uso das tecnologias da informação e comunicaçãonamediaçãoempresarial [The use of Information and Communication Technologies in Business Mediation]. Revista Percurso, Curitiba, v. 3, n. 34, p. 13–17, 2020.
[14] BRAZ, Rita de Cássia Assis. A mediação no âmbitoempresarial [Mediation in Business]. In: NUNES, Ana. Mediation and Conciliation. São Paulo: Thomson Reuters Brasil, 2018, p. 149.
[15] CALMON, Petrônio. Fundamentos da mediação e da conciliação [Fundamentals of Mediation and Conciliation]. 3rd ed. Rio de Janeiro: Gazeta Judiciária, 2013, p. 115.
[16] NOGUEIRA, Ramon de Medeiros; MELO, Alexandre Nasser de; ALMEIDA, Humberto Lucas. Métodosconsensuais de resolução de litígiosnosprocessos de recuperação de empresase falências [Consensual Methods of Dispute Resolution in Business Recovery and Bankruptcy Proceedings]. In: KEPPER, Luiz Fernando Tomasi et al. (coords.). Direito, inovação e sustentabilidade [Law, Inovation and Sustainability]. Curitiba: Editorial Casa, 2023, p. 151.
[17] BARBADO, Michelle Tonon. Reflexõessobreainstitucionalização da mediação no direitopositivobrasileiro [Considerations on the Institutionalization of Mediation in Brazilian Positive Law]. In: AZEVEDO, André Gomma (org.). Estudosemarbitragem, mediação e negociação [Studies in arbitration, mediation and negotiation]. v. 3. Brasília: Brasília Jurídica, 2002, p. 196–210.
[18] MARTELOZZO, A.; Mediação Penal. Direito, Justiça e Sociedade [Criminal Mediation. Law, Justice, and Society]. Curitiba: EditoraClássica, 2021, p. 42.
[19] MONTESCHIO, H.; KNOERR, V. C. S.; GARCEL, A.; SOUZA NETTO, J. L. O sistemaMultiportas de Resolução de Conflitos e osServiçosNotariais. Direito, Gestão e Cidadania [The Multidoor Conflict Resolution System and Notarial Services. Law, Management and Citizenship]. EditoraClássica, 2022, p. 615.
Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Martelozzo, A. (2024). Legal and Doctrine Perspectives on Judicial Mediation Within a Corporation. International Journal of Law and Society, 7(1), 18-21. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijls.20240701.13

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    ACS Style

    Martelozzo, A. Legal and Doctrine Perspectives on Judicial Mediation Within a Corporation. Int. J. Law Soc. 2024, 7(1), 18-21. doi: 10.11648/j.ijls.20240701.13

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    AMA Style

    Martelozzo A. Legal and Doctrine Perspectives on Judicial Mediation Within a Corporation. Int J Law Soc. 2024;7(1):18-21. doi: 10.11648/j.ijls.20240701.13

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijls.20240701.13,
      author = {Antônio Martelozzo},
      title = {Legal and Doctrine Perspectives on Judicial Mediation Within a Corporation},
      journal = {International Journal of Law and Society},
      volume = {7},
      number = {1},
      pages = {18-21},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijls.20240701.13},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijls.20240701.13},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijls.20240701.13},
      abstract = {This article aims to discuss corporate judicial mediation, shedding light on the relevance of this subject. As conflicts within a company can potentially lead to financial collapse if not resolved timely and even render it impossible to sustain business operations, mediation is a crucial tool for sustaining business operations. Mediation, whether judicial or extrajudicial, began in Brazil in the 1990s. It is a practice aligned with the American multidoor system coined as the MultidoorCourthouseSystem by Sander, meaning that there are several doors for conflict resolution. In the mediation sessions— which rarely occur just once— the parties must be assisted by their lawyers or public defenders. The mediator plays a central role as a facilitator, fostering communication and bringing the parties together. It's important to note that the mediator does not decide or propose solutions but acts as a neutral guide in the process. Within our legal framework, judicial mediations, whether involving companies or not, occur in judicial centers for conflict resolution and citizenship called CentrosJudiciários de Solução de Conflitos e Cidadania – CEJUSCS or within the court system. Principles govern this matter, emphasizing, among others, the autonomy of the parties' will, informality, confidentiality, the impartiality of the mediator, the isonomy of the parties, orality, the search for consensus and good faith (Mediation Law, Art. 2, Items I to VIII). Confidentiality and speed are features present in business and other mediation.
    },
     year = {2024}
    }
    

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Author Information
  • Faculty of Law, University Centre of Curitiba (Unicuritiba), Curitiba, Brasil

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