International Journal of Law and Society

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The Ideal Concept of Ethics Court in the Constitutional System of the Republic of Indonesia

Received: 14 December 2023    Accepted: 4 January 2024    Published: 23 January 2024
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Abstract

This research is normative juridical research with the approach used being a statutory approach and a conceptual approach with the aim of analyzing a number of statutory regulations and finding the conceptual ideal of Ethics Court in the Constitutional System of the Republic of Indonesia. The research results show that the formation of ethics enforcement institutions can be found in various forms, it can be an organ attached to the institution it supervises (internal) or one that exists as a separate institution (external). Debates began to arise when the lack of uniformity in the institutional form of ethics supervisors was considered to affect the procedures and quality of ethics enforcement itself. Therefore, this research concludes that the ideal concept of Ethics Court in the future should have a constitutional and juridical position as part of judicial power with the following conception: First, Ethics Court institutions are constructed independently and separately from the judicial institutions of the Supreme Court and Constitutional Court by forming an Ethics Court, so that in the future the implementation of judicial power in Indonesia it consists of 3 (three) judicial institutions, namely the Supreme Court and its subordinate judicial institutions, the Constitutional Court, and the Ethics Court. Second, the Ethics Court was constructed as the first and final ethics court by supervising institutions that enforce codes of ethics and codes of behavior that have existed so far by consolidating and reorganizing institutions with uniformity as ethics monitoring institutions in each state institution. Third, filling positions and/or membership of the Ethics Court must be carried out openly and can be participated by all Indonesian citizens who meet the requirements. Fourth, the work of the Ethics Court must apply the principles of openness, independence and accountability like the judiciary in general.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijls.20240701.14
Published in International Journal of Law and Society (Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2024)
Page(s) 22-29
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Concept, Ideal, Judiciary, Ethics, System, Constitution, Indonesia

References
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[2] Suparman Marzuki. Peradilan dan Etika, Menggagas Peradilan Etik, Jakarta: Sekretariat Jenderal Komisi Yudisial. 2015.
[3] Franz Magnis Suseno. Etika Dasar: Masalah-masalah Pokok Filsafat Moral, Yogyakarta: Kanisius. 1987.
[4] Ernawati Waridah, S S. Kamus Bahasa Indonesia. Bmedia. 2017.
[5] Bertens, K. Etika Profesi. Gramedia Pustaka Utama. 2020. https://books.google.co.id/books?.
[6] Jimly Asshiddiqie. Memperkenalkan Peradilan Etik Jurnal Konstitusi dan Demokrasi, 2021, 1(1).
[7] Jimly Asshiddiqie. Peradilan Etik dan Etika Konstitusi: Perspektif Baru Tentang Rule of Law and Rule of Ethics & Constitutional Law and Constitutional Ethics. Sinar Grafika. 2022.
[8] Magnis Suseno, Frans, Etika Dasar; Masalah-Masalah Pokok Filsafat Moral, Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 1987.
[9] Mohammad Mahfud MD. Etika Dalam Kehidupan Berbangsa Dan Bernegara Berdasarkan Konstitusi.” Pidato Ilmiah Dalam Rangka Kuliah Perdana Program Pascasarjana Universitas Gajah Mada 17 September 2012.
[10] Earl Warren, Chief Justice, U.S. Supreme Court; Address at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America Annual Awards Dinner (Nov. 11, 1962).
[11] In civilized life, law floats in a sea of ethics. In New York Times 12 November 1962.
[12] Harmoko M. said. Menggagas Peradilan Etik Penyelenggara Negara Di Indonesia. 2021, Sasi 27(1): 24.
[13] M. Lutfi Chakim. Desain Institusional Dewan Kehormatan Penyelenggara Pemilu (DKPP) Sebagai Peradilan Etik. Jurnal Konstitusi. 2016, 11(2): 393.
[14] Sjahran Basah. Eksistensi dan Tolok Ukur Badan Peradilan Administrasi di Indonesia, Bandung: Alumni. 1997.
[15] Jonaedi Efendi, Johnny Ibrahim. Metode Penelitian Hukum: Normatif dan Empiris. Jakarta: Prenada Media, 2018.
[16] Qamar, Nurul, and Farah Syah Rezah. Metode Penelitian Hukum: Doktrinal Dan Non-Doktrinal. CV. Social Politic Genius (SIGn), 2020.
[17] Yusuf, Kedudukan Peradilan Etik dalam Sistem Ketatanegaraan Republik Indonesia, Disertasi Fakultas Hukum Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, 2023.
[18] Salam Luthan, Dialektika Hukum dan Moral dalam Perspektif Filsafat Hukum, Jurnal Hukum IUS QUIA IUSTUM. 2012, No. 4, Vol. 19.
[19] Ridwan, Khudzaifah Dimyati, and Absori. Relasi Hukum Dan Moral: Sebuah Potret Antar Mazhab. Prosiding Konferensi Nasional Ke-3 Asosiasi Program Pascasarjana Perguruan Tinggi Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta (APPPTM): 2009, 177–85. https://publikasiilmiah.ums.ac.id/xmlui/handle/11617/9401
[20] Jimly Asshiddiqie. Pengadilan Khusus.” Putih Hitam Pengadilan Khusus. 2013.
[21] Fauziah Suci Angraini. Pro Kontra Penegakan Etik Secara Internal Dan Eksternal. Jurnal Konstitusi & Demokrasi. 2021, 1(1): 37–63. https:// scholarhub. ui.ac.id/ jurnalkonsdem/ vol1/ iss1/3.
[22] Muh. Risnain. Kelembagaan Mahkamah Etik Penyelenggara Negara. Jurnal Etika & Pemilu 1, no. 3(2015): 35–47.
[23] Roscoe Pound, Introduction to the Philosophy Of Law, Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut., 1921. hlm 40.
[24] Harmoko. Pelembagaan Peradilan Etik Bagi Penyelenggara Negara Di Indonesia. Thesis, Program Pascasarjana Fakultas Hukum Universitas Indonesia. 2020. xxi–148.
Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Warsyim, Y., Christiawan, R., Widyaningrum, T. (2024). The Ideal Concept of Ethics Court in the Constitutional System of the Republic of Indonesia. International Journal of Law and Society, 7(1), 22-29. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijls.20240701.14

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    ACS Style

    Warsyim, Y.; Christiawan, R.; Widyaningrum, T. The Ideal Concept of Ethics Court in the Constitutional System of the Republic of Indonesia. Int. J. Law Soc. 2024, 7(1), 22-29. doi: 10.11648/j.ijls.20240701.14

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    AMA Style

    Warsyim Y, Christiawan R, Widyaningrum T. The Ideal Concept of Ethics Court in the Constitutional System of the Republic of Indonesia. Int J Law Soc. 2024;7(1):22-29. doi: 10.11648/j.ijls.20240701.14

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijls.20240701.14,
      author = {Yusuf Warsyim and Rio Christiawan and Tuti Widyaningrum},
      title = {The Ideal Concept of Ethics Court in the Constitutional System of the Republic of Indonesia},
      journal = {International Journal of Law and Society},
      volume = {7},
      number = {1},
      pages = {22-29},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijls.20240701.14},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijls.20240701.14},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijls.20240701.14},
      abstract = {This research is normative juridical research with the approach used being a statutory approach and a conceptual approach with the aim of analyzing a number of statutory regulations and finding the conceptual ideal of Ethics Court in the Constitutional System of the Republic of Indonesia. The research results show that the formation of ethics enforcement institutions can be found in various forms, it can be an organ attached to the institution it supervises (internal) or one that exists as a separate institution (external). Debates began to arise when the lack of uniformity in the institutional form of ethics supervisors was considered to affect the procedures and quality of ethics enforcement itself. Therefore, this research concludes that the ideal concept of Ethics Court in the future should have a constitutional and juridical position as part of judicial power with the following conception: First, Ethics Court institutions are constructed independently and separately from the judicial institutions of the Supreme Court and Constitutional Court by forming an Ethics Court, so that in the future the implementation of judicial power in Indonesia it consists of 3 (three) judicial institutions, namely the Supreme Court and its subordinate judicial institutions, the Constitutional Court, and the Ethics Court. Second, the Ethics Court was constructed as the first and final ethics court by supervising institutions that enforce codes of ethics and codes of behavior that have existed so far by consolidating and reorganizing institutions with uniformity as ethics monitoring institutions in each state institution. Third, filling positions and/or membership of the Ethics Court must be carried out openly and can be participated by all Indonesian citizens who meet the requirements. Fourth, the work of the Ethics Court must apply the principles of openness, independence and accountability like the judiciary in general.},
     year = {2024}
    }
    

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    AU  - Yusuf Warsyim
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    AB  - This research is normative juridical research with the approach used being a statutory approach and a conceptual approach with the aim of analyzing a number of statutory regulations and finding the conceptual ideal of Ethics Court in the Constitutional System of the Republic of Indonesia. The research results show that the formation of ethics enforcement institutions can be found in various forms, it can be an organ attached to the institution it supervises (internal) or one that exists as a separate institution (external). Debates began to arise when the lack of uniformity in the institutional form of ethics supervisors was considered to affect the procedures and quality of ethics enforcement itself. Therefore, this research concludes that the ideal concept of Ethics Court in the future should have a constitutional and juridical position as part of judicial power with the following conception: First, Ethics Court institutions are constructed independently and separately from the judicial institutions of the Supreme Court and Constitutional Court by forming an Ethics Court, so that in the future the implementation of judicial power in Indonesia it consists of 3 (three) judicial institutions, namely the Supreme Court and its subordinate judicial institutions, the Constitutional Court, and the Ethics Court. Second, the Ethics Court was constructed as the first and final ethics court by supervising institutions that enforce codes of ethics and codes of behavior that have existed so far by consolidating and reorganizing institutions with uniformity as ethics monitoring institutions in each state institution. Third, filling positions and/or membership of the Ethics Court must be carried out openly and can be participated by all Indonesian citizens who meet the requirements. Fourth, the work of the Ethics Court must apply the principles of openness, independence and accountability like the judiciary in general.
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Author Information
  • Faculty of Law, University of 17 August 1945 Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia

  • Faculty of Law, University of 17 August 1945 Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia

  • Faculty of Law, University of 17 August 1945 Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia

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